The FBI Ten Most Wanted List
The FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list arose from a conversation held in late 1949, as J. Edgar Hoover, the Director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation and William Kinsey Hutchinson of the International News Service (the predecessor of the United Press International) Editor-in-Chief were playing a card game and discussing ways to promote capture of the FBI’s most hardened criminals.
The discussion ultimately turned into a published article, which received a great deal of publicity and hype. As a result, on March 14, 1950, the FBI officially announced the Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list. The purpose of the list was to create awareness among the general public and increase law enforcement’s ability to capture dangerous fugitives.
How are Criminals Added to and Removed from the List?
The FBI adds the most notorious individuals to the list, such as: dangerous criminals, hard to catch escapees and fugitives, absconders, missing persons, sex offenders and bail jumpers. Individuals, which are both men and women (but most often me) are removed from this list when they are captured, killed, or if the charges against them are dropped. Once a slot on the list opens, they are then replaced by a new entry selected by the FBI.
Resources for Other Most Wanted Criminal Lists
In addition to the FBI, a number of organizations maintain their own list of individuals who committed crimes related to their area of focus. Following is a list of websites to help you learn more about the organization and their most current list:
Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) Most Wanted List – The Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms maintains a list to help combat violent crime in conjunction with other federal, state and law enforcement agencies. Criminals are added to the list as a result of ATF investigations that result in the issuance of a federal arrest warrant. When deciding who should be on the list, the Bureau considers a number of factors, including: the seriousness of the crime, the person’s criminal history, the potential danger involved and whether the publicity of being added will help apprehend the individual.
Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI) – A person is considered an Air Force Fugitive or Deserter if the member left the Air Force to avoid being investigated or prosecuted and if they had access to classified information that could compromise national security interests. The Office will search for the individual until they are returned to military control. If you have information about a fugitive, call 877-246-1453.
America’s Most Wanted – Formerly a popular TV show, America’s Most Wanted featured information on the most wanted suspects to help create awareness among the general public. Watchers could send in tips to assist in apprehending the fugitives and help locate missing children.
DEA Most Wanted Fugitives – The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration posts their list of the most wanted fugitives. The group of bad guys and girls stems from Drug Trafficking investigations conducted by the agency.
Department of Justice Most Wanted Listing – The DOJ posts an extensive collection of links to fugitives wanted by federal law enforcement agencies. It includes the FBI, ATF, DEA, U.S. Marshals, Terrorists, Cybercrime, Homicides, and more. This is actually a good place to start for many of the other agencies listed here.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) – Ten Most Wanted Terrorists – This particular collection includes alleged terrorists who have been indicted by Federal Grand Juries throughout the U.S. The goal of publishing it is to help law enforcement agencies to arrest and bring the terrorists to justice.
Fugitive Watch – Fugitive Watch was founded in 1992 by two police officers, Steve Ferdin and Scott Castruita. Fugitive Watch is a reality-based television show, newspaper and web site, Fugitive.com. It features exciting stories on crimes and fugitives. Fugitive Watch has been credited with over 1,000 captures or solving of crimes. It has successfully combined law enforcement, local business and the community into an effective crime-fighting tool. As one law enforcement official stated, “Because of Fugitive Watch, there are thousands of more eyes on the lookout for fugitives”
Secret Service’s Most Wanted Criminals Fugitives – Fugitives wanted by the U.S. Secret Service. Anyone with information regarding these people should contact the Secret Service at 1-877-242-3375.
United States Marshal’s 15 Most Wanted Federal Fugitives – The United States Marshal Service established the 15 Most Wanted Fugitive Program to help prioritize the investigation and apprehension of high-profile offenders who are considered to be some of the country’s most dangerous fugitives. Visit the website for more information on major cases, special task forces and internal investigations. Also, if you have a tip, please send an email to [email protected].
Most of these organizations work together to share information on cases, leads and other details. The collective power and scope of these agencies make the apprehension of dangerous men and women more possible. The government agencies and bureaus also collaborate with state and local law enforcement and local police officers to keep an eye out in their local neighborhood. In some situations, private investigators and bounty hunters get involved with the search for those who are on the run.
What Do Private Investigators Need to Know?
Private investigators sometimes become involved with apprehending a most wanted fugitive as a result of being hired by one of the families involved in the matter. Some private investigators either specialize or provide the service of bounty hunting, which involves apprehending a fugitive for a fee. Check out the hit TV show, Dog the Bounty Hunter for a view into the world of fugitive recovery.
If you’re aware of other organizations that maintain most wanted lists, please post a comment below. We’ll research and include in our list, if warranted.