What is a Bounty Hunter?
A bounty hunter is an individual who captures people who are fugitives from the law. Usually, the fugitive is someone who “skipped” bail. In other words, they got out of jail by posting bail money, but they didn’t show up in court as promised.
Most bounty hunters are employed by a bail bondsman. If a bounty hunter is able to track down and apprehend the fugitive, they are paid a portion of the bail that the fugitive initially paid. If the fugitive eludes bail, the bondsman is ultimately responsible for the remainder of the fugitive’s bail.
The bounty hunter is the bail bondsman’s way of ensuring that their clients appear in court as promised. In the United States, bounty hunters catch an estimated 31,500 bail jumpers per year, about 90% of people who jump bail.
Bounty hunters are also sometimes known as “bail enforcement agents/officers” or “fugitive recovery agents / officers” which are the preferred industry titles. However, in most cases, they are referred to as simply bounty hunters.
Bounty Hunter Training and Education
Fugitive Recovery Agents need to be skilled in a number of different things, including:
- Skiptracing – Skiptracing involves doing research on their subject to determine their possible location. Skiptracing methods might include searching both paid and public records databases to get the last known address. In addition, it involves contacting family members and known associates. Also, social media investigations can help identify last known location, friends and relatives
- Firearms – Rarely does a person who is on the run from the law want to be caught. Some people would rather go down shooting than face justice or possibly return to jail. As a result, bounty hunting is a particularly dangerous business. Most agents carry firearms as protection.
- Self Defense – Many apprehensions involve the use of physical force. Agents need to be skilled in basic self-defense and have the strength to take down and hold someone who doesn’t want to be captured. Agents need ongoing development and practice in this area.
- On-the-Job Training – Most of the training and education that agents receive will be on the job, or “in the field.” Agents should work with bail bondsmen or experienced recovery agents to understand the intricacies of the job. Examples of training include fugitive take down, transport, working with bail bondsmen, and more.
Bounty Hunter Laws and Regulations
In the United States of America, bounty hunters have varying levels of authority in their duties with regard to their targets, depending on the states in which they operate.
Four states prohibit the practice of bail bonding altogether, including the practice of bounty hunting. Those states are Illinois, Kentucky, Oregon, and Wisconsin. In addition, Nebraska and Maine prohibit the bail bonds practice.
RELATED: Dog the Bounty Hunter TV Series
Following is a list of websites that Private Investigators can use to find information about Bounty Hunters and wanted fugitives. The information available on these sites include training information, resources for bounty hunters, fugitive listings, and most-wanted lists.
- National Association of Bail Enforcement Agents
- National Association of Fugitive Recovery Agents (NAFRA)
- Fugitive Watch – Fugitive Watch was founded by two bay area police officers and is a reality-based television show, newspaper and web site called Fugitive.com. It features exciting stories on crimes and fugitives. Fugitive Watch has been credited with over thousands of captures or solving crimes. The show combines law enforcement work, local businesses, and the community into an effective crime-fighting tool.
eInvestigator Private Investigator Directory
To hire a private investigator that specializes in bounty hunting, please visit our Private Investigator Directory.
Questions and Comments
If you have any questions about these bounty hunter resources, please post a comment below.