How to Retrieve United States Court Records Using the Internet

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What are Court Records?

A court record is a general term that is used to describe legal records that are filed with the court system. This may include records file with the county, state, and federal court.  Examples include records such as:

  • Arrest records and police reports
  • Marriage licenses
  • Divorce records
  • Criminal history reports
  • Driving history reports
  • Probate court documents
  • Public information

Federal courts create and maintain a case file that contains a docket sheet and all of the documents filed in a case.  To access federal court records, see the link to PACER below.

How to Find Court Records and Documents Online

Following are recommended tools and resources for researching U.S. court files:

Court Record Searches and Instant Background Check reports. Run a background check and find a variety of legal documents. Includes documents such as criminal background check, property value, lawsuits, judgments, bankruptcy, liens

PACER – Public Access to Court Electronic Records (PACER) is an electronic public access service that allows users to obtain case and docket information from federal appellate, district and bankruptcy courts, and the PACER Case Locator via the Internet. PACER is provided by the federal Judiciary in keeping with its commitment to providing public access to public information via a centralized service. PACER hosts millions of case file documents and docket information for all district, bankruptcy, and appellate courts. These are available immediately after they have been electronically filed. If you are unable to locate the information you are seeking, please contact the local court or the PACER Service Center at (800) 676-6856 between the hours of 8 AM and 6 PM CT Monday through Friday or by email at [email protected]

Supreme Court Home Page – The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and such number of Associate Justices as may be fixed by Congress. The number of Associate Justices is currently fixed at eight. Power to nominate the Justices is vested in the President of the United States and appointments are made with the advice and consent of the Senate. Article III, §1, of the Constitution further provides that ” the Judges, both of the supreme and inferior levels, shall hold their Offices during good Behavior, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.”

United States Courts – Provides information from and about the Judicial Branch of the U.S. Government.  Includes federal rules and policies, information on accessing public records, statistics, legal forms and fees, and educational resources.

What do Private Investigators Need to Know?

Private investigators often conduct court record searches, both online and offline (by physically visiting the court house). Many records are considered to be public documents, but average citizens don’t usually know the process for retrieving them. Private investigators know where to look to find the legal documents you need. If you don’t have the time, or the know-how, consider hiring a private eye to do the legwork for you. It could save you a substantial amount of time and headaches in the long run.

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