What is NORAD?
The North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) is a joint military organization of the United States and Canada government that provides aerospace warning, air sovereignty, and defense for the two countries. NORAD is responsible for detecting, validating and warning of any attacks against North America. This includes attacks that may come from aircraft, missiles, or space vehicles. The organization is also responsible for maritime warnings.
Where is NORAD Located?
NORAD’s main technical facility is in the Cheyenne Mountain Directorate of the Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station (AFS), located in Colorado. As a result, NORAD is sometimes referred to as Cheyenne Mountain. NORAD’s operations center is located inside the granite mountain. It was constructed by the Army Corp of Engineers.
In addition, the Canada East and Canada West Sector Air Operations Control Centers are located in the underground complex at Canadian Forces Base North Bay in Ontario, Canada.
NORAD’s headquarter facilities in Colorado are administered by the United States Air Force under the command of the 721st Mission Support Group. The 721st Mission Support Group is part of the 21st Space Wing, which is headquartered at Peterson Air Force Base. NORAD’s forces consist of the Alaskan Region’s Eleventh Air Force, Canadian Region, and Continental Region.
NORAD Official Website – The website provides a wealth of information including news headlines, historical information, Department of Homeland Security Warning Levels, Base information, photographs, and much more. Their official website is at http://www.norad.mil/.
Tracking Santa Claus
Since 1958, NORAD has been tracking Santa as he make his journey around the world to deliver presents to families. Each year on Christmas Eve, more than 1500 volunteers answer phone calls and emails from children around the world. In addition, children can track Santa’s location via the NORAD Tracks Santa website, Facebook, Twitter and YouTube.
United States Northern Command
The U.S. Northern Command (USNORTHCOM) was established October 1, 2002 to provide command and control of Department of Defense (DOD) homeland defense efforts and to coordinate defense support of civil authorities.
USNORTHCOM is responsible for providing protection for America’s homeland, protecting the United State’s citizens, national power, and freedom of action. USNORTHCOM anticipates and conducts Homeland Defense and Civil Support operations within the assigned area of responsibility to defend, protect, and secure the United States and its interests. For more information, visit their website at http://www.northcom.mil/.
USNORTHCOM’s area includes air, land and sea approaches and encompasses the continental United States, Alaska, Canada, Mexico and the surrounding water out to approximately 500 nautical miles. It also includes the Gulf of Mexico, the Straits of Florida, portions of the Caribbean region to include The Bahamas, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The commander of USNORTHCOM is responsible for theater security cooperation with Canada, Mexico, and The Bahamas.
Questions and Comments
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