Maps and Geography Research Tools for Private Investigators
A map is a diagrammatic representation of the earth’s surface, or a portion of it. The science and art of map-making is called cartography. There are many different types of maps, such as:
- Geographic maps of the world, countries, the United States, individual states, counties, cities and towns
- Road Maps – important for planning vacation trips and surveillance missions, shows interstates, highways, roads and streets
- Topographic – that show the topography of an area
- Stars – that show the constellations of stars in the sky
- Online – such as MapQuest or Google Maps
- Census – shows the population and demographics of an area
Following are links to websites and mapping resources, geographic information, and more:
Most Popular Websites
- Google Maps – Provides directions, interactive maps, and satellite/aerial imagery of the United States. Google can also search by keyword such as type of business.
- MapQuest – MapQuest helps you find directions for and explore towns and cities worldwide. MapQuest displays addresses on the map, and allows you to view nearby businesses, get driving directions and more
- Yahoo Maps – Yahoo’s map facility. Street mappings and driving directions for US cities.
- Maps.com – A leading provider of mapping products and solutions to business, education and consumer markets. Has wallmaps for the wall , world, United States, Travel, Travel Guides, Atlases and more.
- Desk Globes – Desk Globes
- Earth View – Click to zoom in on any world region
- Floor Globes – Floor Globes
- Gazetteer – U.S. (U.S. Census Bureau) – The United States Census Bureau gazetteer is used to identify places to view with the Tiger Map Server and obtain census data from the 1990 Census Lookup server. You can search for places or counties by entering the name and state abbreviation (optional), or 5-digit zip code.
- How Far Is It? – This site allows you to type in 2 cities, Zip codes, or coordinates in the world and find out how far apart they are
- Map Books 4 U: Thomas Guide Map Books – Order your Thomas Guide® map books, laminated Thomas Guides®, road atlases, Rand McNally Street Guides, EasyFinder Folded Laminated nav tools, Digital Edition Cd-Roms, Magnabrite® Magnifiers, and Wall Maps
- Mapping the National Parks – The Mapping the National Parks collection documents the history, cultural aspects and geological formations of areas that eventually became National Parks. The collection consists of approximately 200 maps dating from the 17th century to the present, reflecting early mapping of the areas that would become four National Parks, as well as the parks themselves
- Mineral Industry – International mineral locations provided by the United States Geological Survey
- Route Planning – MapQuest – Includes Mobil Travel Guide. (Covers U.S. only)
- TopoZone – View topographical and city data of any place in the United States at different zoom levels and sizes.
- U.S. State Tourism Offices – This website provides links to official state tourism offices
- USA Travel Guides – A collection of USA Travel Guides
- U.S. Census Bureau – TIGER – Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing system
- U.S. Census Bureau – Data – QuickFacts includes data for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with more than 25,000 people
- U.S. Geological Survey – As an unbiased, multi-disciplinary science organization that focuses on biology, geography, geology, geospatial information, and water, we are dedicated to the timely, relevant, and impartial study of the landscape, our natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten us
- USGS Publications and Data Products – Data, Imagery, and Publications
- USGS Water Resources Information – The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collects information needed to understand the Nation’s water resources, and provides access to water data, publications, as well as to recent water projects and events
- VISA ATM Locator – Visa website that tells you where the nearest ATM is located
Wall Maps and Travel
- Gazetteer – U.K. – Great Britain streets and roads
The following are services maintained by various United States universities and colleges:
- Clark University, Guy H. Burnham Map & Aerial Photography Library – An active spatial data information center of global scope. The collection consists of 230,000 maps, 7,800 aerial photographs, 1500 CD-ROMs, as well as atlases, journals, globes, map reference materials, tourist information and monographs (primarily on the subjects of cartography, history of cartography, computerized cartography, map and imagery interpretation, remote sensing and GIS).
- Cornell University Collection
- Digital Collection – University of California at Berkeley
- Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division
- New York State – Cartographic Images Created Prior to 1830
- Princeton University Library Geosciences Map Collection
- University of California at Berkeley Library Map Collection
- University of California at Santa Barbara. Alexandria Digital Library Project for Geographically-Referenced Information (UCSB) – A distributed digital library with collections of georeferenced materials. ADL includes the operational library, with various nodes and collections, and the research program through which digital library architectures, gazetteer applications, educational applications, and software components are modeled, prototyped, and evaluated.
- University of Connecticut Library, MAGIC – Map and Geographic Information Center – University of Connecticut Library, MAGIC – Map and Geographic Information Center
- University of Georgia Map Collection – A research-level cartographic collection whose substantial holdings include mapping, aerial photography and remote sensed imagery, atlases, digital spatial data, and reference materials. Its mission is to provide bibliographic, physical, and intellectual access to cartographic information consistent with the mission of the University of Georgia Libraries, with a particular emphasis on cartographic information related to the State of Georgia. As a regional resource center the Map Library serves the University’s students, staff and faculty as well as state, regional, national and international researchers.
- University of Georgia, Rare Map Collection at the Hargrett Library – The Hargrett Rare Book & Manuscript Library at the University of Georgia Libraries maintains a collection of more than 1,000 historic maps spanning nearly 500 years, from the sixteenth century through the early twentieth century. Although not limited to a single geographic subject, the collection heavily emphasizes Georgia as colony and state, along with its surrounding region.
- University of Michigan – The principal collection for cartographic materials at the University of Michigan, with an emphasis on both historic and modern mapping, including digital resources. Has the largest collection of printed documents in the state of Michigan, and one of the largest at an academic institution.
- University of Oregon
- University of Texas – Austin, The Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection – Provides access to over 250,000 documents
- USGS Digital Line Graph Data Browser – University of Virginia Library – Geostat (the Geospatial and Statistical Data Center) houses UVa’s data, geospatial data, and social science datasets. One of the library’s Electronic Centers, our lab has specialized software to analyze digital geographic and statistical data, and trained staff to help you find and access the data you need.
- Yale University
What are State Abbreviations? State abbreviations are two letter symbols used to represent each state. The state abbreviations are used
A map is a visual representation of an area. It is a symbolic depiction highlighting relationships between elements of that space