List of Birthstones for Each Month of the Year

List of birthstones
A list of the birthstones for each year.

What is a Birthstone?

A birthstone is a gemstone made of a precious material that symbolizes the month of birth in the Gregorian calendar. They are also referred to as anniversary gemstones and birthday gemstones.

Many countries have their own list of birthstones, so many lists are inconsistent. However, the American National Retail Jewelers Association, American Gem Society, and the National Jewelers Association established an official list of birthstones in 1952. There are a total of twelve birthstones, one for each month of the year.

List of Birthstones

Following is a list of the twelve birthstones, one for each month of the year:

  • January – Garnet – The word Garnet is derived from the Latin word “granatum”, which means seed (in this case it is referring to the seed of a pomegranate, which is deep red in color).
  • February – Amethyst – An Amethyst is purple quartz and is a blend of violet and red colors. The word Amethyst is derived from the Greek word methustos, meaning “intoxicated”. The Greeks believed that the precious stone could protect a person from becoming drunk
  • March – Hematite or Aquamarine – 
  • April – Diamond – A diamond is a solid form of the carbon element with its atoms arranged in a crystal structure.
  • May – Emerald
  • June – Pearl or Moonstone
  • July – Ruby
  • August – Carnelian or Peridot
  • September – Sapphire
  • October – Opal or Tourmaline
  • November – Topaz or Citrine
  • December – Turquoise or Zircon

In addition to associated a birthstone with each year of the month, some associate a stone with more specific time periods. The stones have been associated with the year of anniversary, the day of the week and even the hour of the day.

Questions and Comments

If you have any questions about the list of birthstones, please post a message below.

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Michael Kissiah is the owner of Brandy Lane Publishing, LLC, which owns and operates a small portfolio of websites, including Michael created more than 20 years ago after working as a private investigator in the state of Florida. Since that time, he has become an expert at how to find information online and has written over 1000 articles on topics related to the investigation industry. In addition, he is the author of the "Private Investigator Licensing Handbook", available at


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