This article provides an overview of elder abuse and the resulting elderly abuse investigation process.
What is Elder Abuse?
Each year hundreds of thousands of persons are abused, neglected, and exploited. Many victims are people who are older, frail, and vulnerable and cannot help or defend themselves and depend on others to meet their most basic needs. Abusers of older adults are both women and men, and may be family members, friends, or professional care providers.
In general, elder abuse is a term that refers to any knowing, intentional, or negligent act by a caregiver or any other person that causes harm or a serious risk of harm to a vulnerable adult. Legislatures in all 50 states have passed some form of elder abuse prevention laws.
Forms of Elder Abuse
Laws and definitions of elder abuse terms vary considerably from one state to another, but may include:
Forms of physical abuse include someone inflicting physical pain or injury on a person. Examples include slapping, grabbing, hitting or restraining by physical or chemical means.
Although it is difficult to detect, verbal abuse can cause serious mental damage in the form of fear, anxiety, loss of appetite, etc. Also, this includes Emotional Abuse. Emotional abuse includes inflicting mental pain, anguish, or distress on an elder person through verbal or nonverbal acts (e.g. humiliating, intimidating, or using threatening language).
Sexual Abuse includes and non-consensual sexual contact of any kind. This type of abuse is common in nursing homes when occupants are vulnerable due to their impaired physical or mental state.
Neglect is the failure to provide food, shelter, health care, or protection for a vulnerable elder person.
Exploitation includes the illegal taking, misuse, or concealment of funds, property, or assets of a senior for someone else’s benefit. A good private investigator can help expose those who are blackmailing or exploiting one of your friends or loved ones.
Abandonment is the desertion of a vulnerable elder person by anyone who has assumed the responsibility for care or custody of that person. This leaves the senior to try to take care of themselves. However, they may not have the mental, physical or financial capacity to do so.
Self-neglect is the failure of a person to perform essential, self-care tasks and that such failure threatens his/her own health or safety. It is very common when people reach a certain age that they simply “let themselves go”.
Warning Signs of Elder Abuse
If you have a loved one who is under someone else’s care, such as in a nursing home or even home healthcare, it is important to look for warning signs that may indicate patterns of abuse. Following are a few examples:
- Bruises, pressure marks, broken bones, abrasions, and burns may be an indication of physical abuse, neglect, or mistreatment
- Unexplained withdrawal from normal activities, a sudden change in alertness, and unusual depression may be indicators of emotional abuse
- Bruises around the breasts or genital area can occur from sexual abuse
- Sudden changes in financial situations may be the result of exploitation
- Bedsores, unattended medical needs, poor hygiene, and unusual weight loss are indicators of possible neglect
- Behavior such as belittling, threats, and other uses of power and control by spouses are indicators of verbal or emotional abuse
- Strained or tense relationships, frequent arguments between the caregiver and elderly person are also signs
- Be alert. The suffering is often in silence. If you notice changes in a senior’s personality or behavior, you should start to question what is going on
If someone you know is in immediate danger, call 911 or the local police for immediate help. Once you are sure that they are safe, follow through and report the issue to all companies involved. In addition, file a formal complaint with the appropriate state agency.
Additional Resources for Elder Abuse Investigations
Administration for Community Living (ACL)
The ACL works as an advocate for older adults and thier caregivers across the federal government. In addition, the ACL funds services and supports provided by states and networks of community-based programs. Visit the Administration for Community Living website.
National Center on Elder Abuse
The National Center on Elder Abuse (NCEA) serves as a national resource center dedicated to the prevention of elder mistreatment. The NCEA conducts research, develops tools, informs policy development and develops training and awareness materials. Visit the National Center on Elder Abuse website for more information.
National Institute of Justice – Elder Abuse Information
Information on elder abuse and elder neglect. Provides helpful resources and publications on elder abuse and suggestions for getting help. Visit the National Institute of Justice website.
Elder Care Abuse and Nursing Home Abuse Investigations
For help investigating nursing home abuse, neglect, or elder abuse, hire a local private investigator to dig up the facts. To find a private investigator that specializes in these types of investigations, visit our Private Investigator Directory.