Catfish Investigations for Online Dating Scams: How to Protect Yourself


This article overviews catfish investigations associated with online dating fraud, scams, and schemes. In addition, it provides advice on how to determine if you’ve been catfished, how to go about tracking down the fraudsters, and how to report the crime.

Online Dating

The internet and internet-connected devices are integral to most people’s lives. People constantly use the internet’s power to learn new things, purchase products, conduct business, and so much more. One of the most common online activities is online dating. 

In fact, according to, more than 50 million people have tried online dating. People meet other people on more than 7,000 dating sites worldwide, with being the most popular online dating site. eHarmony, the second most popular site, is responsible for about 4% of marriages in the United States.

Fraud, Scams, and Schemes

However, despite the popularity of online dating, nearly 60% of online profiles are fake. Not all of those fake profiles are scammers, as some people prefer to conceal their true identities.


Catfishing is a trick used by scammers who use fake online personas to commit online fraud. Catfishers use social media, dating websites, discussion forums, and chat rooms to create fake profiles and use them to communicate with others. Their ultimate goal is to get you to send them money or personal information that they can use to steal your identity.

Some catfishers are very thorough in creating their fictitious online identity. They will create fake social media profiles across multiple social media platforms. They will have their own set of friends, timeline activity, regular posts, and more.

Learn How to Spot a Scammer or Catfish Profile and do your Catfish Investigation

You can do your catfish investigation by following some simple guidelines. Most scammers are easy to spot and avoid. Here are some things to look for:

  • Personal profiles with very little information
  • Profiles with non-specific or vague information
  • Profiles without photos or with a generic photo
  • Look for common keywords associated with fake profiles, including widowed, royalty, etc. Not all profiles with these words are fraudulent, but the words are common among those that are.
  • Be wary of those who claim to have a Ph.D. or Doctorate. Scammers think having an advanced degree lends credibility to their online presence. If the person you are chatting with has a higher level of education, make sure it is consistent with the rest of their information.
  • What country are they from? Most fake profiles are from Ukraine, the Philippines, and Nigeria. Just be aware that more intelligent crooks won’t put any of those countries in their online profile.
  • If you’re evaluating a profile on a social media site, look at their friend list. Online thieves usually don’t have a lot of friends.
  • Is their profile photo that of a model or actress? Do they seem too good to be true? Perhaps they are. Beautiful people, even models, use online dating websites. But the person with a beautiful face and fantastic body should at least make you pause and think, “Why can’t this person get a date?” If they seem too good to be true, investigate more and consider more than just their photos.

There are also important clues to look for in your back-and-forth communication with the person:

Pay attention to grammar and spelling.

Many scam artists live in countries where English is not their primary language. Look for grammar mistakes and misspelled words. Their writing skills, vocabulary, slang, etc., should be consistent with their characteristics. Some of their messages may not make any sense at all.

Ask questions to determine if they are a real person.

Sometimes, the “person” you are communicating with could be a “bot,” which will send an automated and generic message to you without any understanding of you. Ask questions like, “What did you like about my profile?” Online scam artists don’t want to read your profile. They want your money.

Be on the lookout for hard luck or hardship stories.

Internet con artists usually have some hardships, such as trying to raise money for a sick family member, being stuck in a foreign place, and not having the money to get home; they don’t have enough money to pay their bills.

Watch out for requests for money transfers.

Beware of requests for quick money transfers with online apps like PayPal, CashApp, Venmo, and others. Never pay an upfront deposit for something you are purchasing online.

Be suspicious of those who fall in love too quickly.

Watch out for the person who is quick to say things like, “I’m falling for you,” or “I’m in love with you.” Internet thieves prey on people they identify as emotionally needy or unfulfilled. Then, they use that weakness to perpetrate their scheme.

For example, one of the more common scams is a person pretending to be in the military. Once the scammer establishes a rapport with a possible victim, they reveal they are “stuck” overseas and need money to get home. This scheme leverages the unsuspecting victim’s love interest and patriotism (who wouldn’t want to help a soldier?).

Be suspicious of anyone you meet online who claims to be in the military. Learn how to do your catfish investigation and check for active duty and former military members.

The link can lead you to a phishing site that tries stealing your login and password, personal information, etc. As a rule, I recommend you don’t follow any links other people send you on a dating site. It is fine on social media if it comes from a family member or a known friend. However, you should still be cautious.

Take Action Against the Scammers

If you think you’re being catfished or you’re the victim of online fraud, follow these steps to protect yourself:

Block the person from viewing or contacting you

If you realize you’re dealing with someone who isn’t who they say they are, you can block them and stop communicating with them. If you haven’t revealed any personal information and they annoy you, block them and move on.

If you have divulged personal information or sent money, it is time to start checking into things.

Use the information in the person’s profile to search the internet.

Copy and paste the user’s profile name into a Google search. Review the results to see if the same user name is used on profiles on other social media or online dating websites.

Search for similar profile text.

In addition to searching for their username, grab some of the text from their profile and paste it into the Google search box. Check the search results to see if the exact text has been used on other sites.

Check to see if the photo is used elsewhere.

If the profile has a photo, copy and paste the photo into a Google Image Search. A Google Image Search will show you other places where the same photo has been used. This will help you determine if the photo is real and if they have other profiles. If you find matches, visit the site and review the photos and profile information.

Google Reverse Image Search
Google Reverse Image Search

Report the incident to the proper authorities

You can call your local police department and ask to file a report, although it won’t do much good. Most local police departments don’t have the resources to investigate online fraud. You are better off reporting the incident to the FBI’s Internet Crime Complaint Center.

If you’re dealing with a business, file a report with the Better Business Bureau. To learn more, see our article on How to Report Online Fraud.

Hire a Private Investigator to Do a Catfish Investigation

If you need professional help, visit our directory of investigation professionals to hire an investigator specializing in social media investigations, online fraud, and/or catfish investigations.

Search for the Person’s Name, Email, or Phone Number

If you’d prefer to run your search. You can do so for less than $25 with a site called BeenVerified. With BeenVerified, you can run people, reverse phone numbers, and email searches. Search public records by name, phone number, or email address to help understand if you’re dealing with a real person.

Questions and More Information

If you have questions about online dating scams and catfish investigations, please leave a message below. If you’d like to learn more, read about other frauds, scams, and schemes.

Michael Kissiah is the owner of Brandy Lane Publishing, LLC, which owns and operates a small portfolio of websites, including Michael created more than 20 years ago after working as a private investigator in the state of Florida. Since that time, he has become an expert at how to find information online and has written over 1000 articles on topics related to the investigation industry. In addition, he is the author of the "Private Investigator Licensing Handbook", available at


  1. I think I’m being scammed by a high profile celebrity. I have pictures and was sent an engagement ring. He now says the police have house arrested him because they found drugs in his house and they’ve also froze his bank accounts. He is asking me for money to give to his attorney so the attorney will unfreeze his account. He has sent me pictures of his Hollywood check from before this arrest happened. How can I find out if he is a scammer?

  2. I think I have been scamed I have been searching this man Richard Edison pictures he sent turn to Patrick Leroux I have emails phone #’s
    mobile 687-532-7409
    work 678-235-5112 . I do not have the money now to search. I sent $15,000 but have the address where it was sent Hazel Andrade Greenville SC 29611 on September 15th, $22,00 in Apple cards four $500,00 & one $200.00 Email is emails are written same as Patrick Leroux writes. He has 2 daughters Jade & Kim wife Penelope. Shows he lives in Canada accent is
    French / Canadian . He was supposed to return the money & put more in & he has my bank information to me and I gave him mine but something happened that is didn’t go through but I do not keep much in the account. Said he was from Waxford Ireland and lived in Georgia for 20 years. Said he was a Geologist and an off shore contractor. Back in August he said he had to fly to Alaska to get on rig has been there since. Sent me pictures of him on it but I feel his face was placed on the body. Rhis past Friday he said he was sick and didn’t text much , same Friday Patrick Leroux had a skin cancer taken off his lip. I have taken pictures of almost everything text, the $15,000 check the bank transactions and more. This Patrick Leroux is a Motivational speaker I have read some of his things and same way writing as the emails sent to me . His voice onthe intent to talking on the phone identical. He reached out to me on TicToc. I have so much more I can show and prove just no money to do so. PLEASE HELP ME.

  3. I need to report a bitcoin scam via a wolrd renowned christian artist. Asking me to send $5000, at a bitcoin atm to send $5000 to reserve a private jet for a pop artist that is requesting me come to his concert. I need help


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.