List of Computer Terms

List of Computer Terms
List of Computer Terms

List of Computer Terms

Following is a list of computer terms along with a short description. This list will continue to grow over time.

Algorithm – A set of rules used to solve a problem. For example, Google uses a search algorithm to rate and rank sites in their search results.

Amiga OS – Amiga OS was the proprietary native operating system of the Amiga and AmigaOne personal computers. It was developed first by Commodore International

ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Exchange

Backup – A copy of a file or files that is created in case something happens to the original.

Boot – To turn on our start up a device or computer. Sometimes referred to as “booting up”

Browser – Also known as web browser, a software too used to read web pages and other web-based content.

CD-ROM – Compact Disc – Read Only Memory – A form of storage where the data and information stored on the disc can be read but not manipulated or changed.

COBOL – Stands for Common Oriented Business Language. It was the first standardized computer programming language.

Google Chrome OS – Google Chrome OS is based on the Linux kernel and designed by Google to work with web applications and installed applications. Chrome is quickly growing in popularity due to its fast speed, stability and ease of use. It is also less often the target of hackers and scammers.

Linux – Linux is an open-source operating system modeled on UNIX.

Microsoft Windows – Currently active Windows operating systems include Windows 8 and 10. Windows runs on more computers than any other system in the world. It is important for private eyes to be familiar with Windows for computer forensic-related investigations.

Mac OSX – MAC OSX is a series of Unix-based graphical interface operating systems developed and marketed by Apple

Operating System – In computing, an operating system (OS) is an interface between hardware and the user. The operating system is responsible for the management and coordination of activities and the sharing of the resources of a computer, that acts as a host for computing applications run on the machine. One of the primary purposes of an operating system is to handle the resource allocation and access protection of the hardware. This relieves the application programmers from having to manage these details.

Unix – Unix is a widely used multi-user operating system.

Web Page –

Windows 95, 97, 99, NT, Vista

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What Do Private Investigators Need to Know?

Private detectives may need to be familiar with various operating systems for a variety of reasons. First, they may specialize in providing PC forensic analysis or computer investigations. In this case, they will need to be very familiar with the various systems to know how to analyze activity, track down malicious code, identify errors and gather evidence.

Second, regardless of the types of investigations offered by your business, you will undoubtedly run a variety of operating systems on various electronic devices, such as computers, tablets and mobile devices. In this instance, private detectives should be familiar with how the system works to run their business most efficiently.

If you have any questions about this list of computer terms, please leave a comment below.

Michael Kissiah is the owner of Brandy Lane Publishing, LLC, which owns and operates a small portfolio of websites, including Michael created more than 20 years ago after working as a private investigator in the state of Florida. Since that time, he has become an expert at how to find information online and has written over 1000 articles on topics related to the investigation industry. In addition, he is the author of the "Private Investigator Licensing Handbook", available at


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