Privacy Laws in Canada
This article provides an overview of private investigator surveillance and the privacy laws in Canada.
Court Ruling: Ferenczy vs. MCI Medical Clinics
The legal court case of Ferenczy vs. MCI Medical Clinics, a decision rendered in the Ontario Superior Court by Justice Dawson is a good decision for private investigators in Canada. This legal case involves a patient named D. Ferenczy. She sued her doctor for professional negligence in the diagnosis and treatment of a cyst located on the inner part of her left wrist. The medical procedure was carried out on February 17, 1999.
The plaintiff, D. Ferenczy, claimed that as a result of the failed medical procedure, she was unable to hold small items for a long period of time with her left hand. In addition, she claimed that she was unable to work, and she subsequently claimed that she suffered a loss of income.
The defendant, the doctor, disputed her claim. The Canadian Medical Protective Association retained a private investigator to help dispute the credibility of the plaintiff’s evidence. This association provides defense assistance to physicians who are being sued for medical malpractice claims.
The private investigator conducted surveillance on Ms. Ferenczy and collected an eight-minute video with surveillance footage of Ms. Ferenczy holding a coffee cup at a coffee shop. The video footage clearly shows that she was holding the coffee cup without any visible signs of physical impairment. This investigation was carried out without Ms. Ferenczy’s consent.
Whether or not the videotape could be admitted as evidence against Ms. Ferenczy as the Counsel for Ms. Denise Ferenczy argued that the taking of the video and its disclosure contravened the Personal Information and Protection of Electronics Act [PIPEDA]. And therefore submitted the evidence rendered be inadmissible.
Court Ruling about the Privacy Laws in Canada
The court ruled that the PIPEDA applies to personal information that is collected and disclosed for “commercial purposes”. And, that defending a liability claim is not considered a commercial activity but that the collection of the information is being used for the purposes of defending the doctor in a civil lawsuit. The court also ruled that the collection, use, and disclosure of the videotape would not contravene the PIPEDA on the basis that private investigators are acting as agents for their clients.
Furthermore, Ms. Ferenczy implicitly consented to the collection of the videotape evidence when she filed an action against the defendant. Justice Dawson further ruled that the collection of the videotape is related to the investigation of a claim, and therefore ruled the videotape evidence tendered at trial be admissible.
About the Author
Janie Duncan is a licensed private investigator and founder of Duncan Investigations in Winnipeg, Manitoba. She manages this licensed and bonded private investigation agency that has served clients throughout Canada.
Questions and Comments
If you have any questions about the privacy laws in Canada, please post a message below. If you’d like to learn more about surveillance, see our private investigator surveillance page.