Lawsuits: Civil Actions Filed in a Court of Law

Lawsuits: Civil Actions Filed in a Court of Law

A lawsuit is a civil action brought in a court of law in which a plaintiff, a party who claims to have incurred loss as a result of a defendant’s actions, demands a legal or equitable remedy. The defendant is required to respond to the plaintiff’s complaint.

If the plaintiff is successful, judgment will be given in the plaintiff’s favor, and a variety of court orders may be issued to enforce a right, award damages, or impose a temporary or permanent injunction to prevent an act or compel an act.  A declaratory judgment may be issued to prevent future legal disputes.

A lawsuit may involve dispute resolution of private law issues between individuals, business entities or non-profit organizations.

A lawsuit may also enable the state to be treated as if it were a private party in a civil case, as plaintiff or defendant regarding an injury, or may provide the state with a civil cause of action to enforce certain laws.

  • The conduct of a lawsuit is called litigation
  • One who has a tendency to litigate rather than seek non-judicial remedies is called litigious

View other legal and law definitions in our Investigation Glossary.

Related Articles

Assault: A Crime of Physical Violence Against Others

Assault is a crime of physical violence against another person. It may refer only to the threat of violence caused by

Plaintiff: The Claimant in a Legal Court Case

What is a Plaintiff? A plaintiff, also known as a claimant or complainant, is the legal term used in some

Perjury: Lying under oath in a court of law or criminal proceeding

Perjury is basically lying in court.  Perjury is officially defined as the willful act of swearing a false oath or

No comments

Write a comment
No Comments Yet! You can be first to comment this post!

Write a Comment

Your e-mail address will not be published.
Required fields are marked*