Federal Bureau of Prisons and Government Corrections Facilities

Federal Bureau of Prisons and Government Corrections Facilities

The Federal Bureau of Prisons (often referred to operationally as the BOP) is a federal law enforcement agency that is a subdivision of the United States Department of Justice. The Federal Bureau of Prisons is responsible for the administration of the federal prison system in the United States of America.

The Federal Bureau of Prisons was established in 1930 to:

  • Provide more progressive and humane care for Federal inmates
  • Professionalize the prison service and its operation
  • Ensure consistent and centralized administration of the federal prisons in operation at the time

According to its official web site, the Federal Bureau of Prisons consists of more than 119 prison institutions, six regional offices, its headquarters office in Washington D.C., two prison staff training centers, and 28 community corrections offices. These numbers change each year due to prison openings and closings, so check the official website for the most up to date numbers.

The Federal Bureau of Prisons is responsible for the custody and care of over 200,000 federal offenders in the federal prison system.

Approximately 85 percent of these federal inmates are physically confined in correctional facilities or detention centers operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons.

The remainder of the inmates are confined through agreements with state and local governments or through contracts with privately-operated community corrections centers, detention centers, prisons, and juvenile facilities.

The Federal Bureau of Prisons is also responsible for carrying out all judicially mandated federal executions (other than those carried out under military law) in the United States, and maintains the federal lethal injection chamber in Terre Haute, Indiana.

For More Information

http://www.bop.gov/ – The Federal Bureau of Prisons protects society by confining offenders in the controlled environments of prisons and community-based facilities that are safe, humane, cost-efficient, and appropriately secure, and that provide work and other self-improvement opportunities to assist offenders in becoming law-abiding citizens.

Inmate Locator – Search for inmates in the prison system.


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