Conspiracy: Conspiring to Break the Law

conspiracy theory

What is Conspiracy?

In criminal law, a conspiracy is defined as an agreement between two or more persons to break the law at some time in the future. In other words, they “conspire” to commit a crime together.  In some cases, a conspiracy requires there to be at least one overt act in furtherance of the agreement to commit a crime. Examples of such acts of furtherance include the purchase of supplies or materials, visiting or “scoping” the location, or documenting plans for the act. However, in most countries, there is no requirement that any steps be taken to put the conspiracy plan into effort for it to be considered unlawful.

Is there a minimum number or limit to the number of people involved?

There is no limit on the number of people who might participate in the planning or execution of the conspiracy. In some situations, only two people are required to qualify. In others, small groups or even organized gangs may be involved. In other situations, entire organizations or even military organizations could be involved in the planning and execution of the act.

Conspiracies can take place in relation to any situation. In some cases, the conspiracy may be harmless. Such as a group of employees who conspire to pull a practical joke on a co-worker. However, in most situations, conspiracies are considered to be of a sinister nature and intended to cause harm. Most conspiracies are centered around anti-government or anti-military behavior.

For more legal definitions, visit our Glossary of Legal and Investigation Terms.


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