License Plate Search: How to Run a Database Search for a Tag
So you want to search for a license plate? Before you start conducting a license plate search, let’s talk a little bit about license plates, or vehicle registration plates.
A vehicle registration plate, commonly known as a license plate, is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. The registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric code that uniquely identifies the vehicle within the issuing region’s database. In some countries, the license plate identifier is unique within the entire country, while in others it is simply unique within a state or province. Whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person also varies by issuing agency. Depending on the country, the vehicle registration plate may be called a registration plate (in British English), a license plate (in American English), a number plate, a vehicle tag, car tag, or a tag.
Car plates are issued by an agency of the state or territorial government, and in the case of the District of Columbia the District government. Some Native American tribes also issue plates. The U.S. federal government issues plates only for its own vehicle fleet and for vehicles owned by foreign diplomats. Until the 1980s, diplomatic plates were issued by the state in which the consulate or embassy was located. The physical and visual appearance of tags varies with some containing symbols, colors, or slogans associated with the issuing jurisdiction. The term license plate is frequently used in statute, although in some areas tags is informally used. The term tag stems from small stickers issued periodically to indicate that the vehicle registration is current, rather than replacing the entire plate each year.
Vanity and Specialty License Plates
In each of the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia, drivers are given the option of extra-cost vanity plates (also known as “personalized” or “prestige”), which have a custom serial (sequence of letters and/or numbers) vanity messages created by motorists. Generally, vanity plates may not contain profane or obscene messages, although standards as to what constitutes an unacceptable message vary widely among issuing jurisdictions. In California, motorists may order symbols—a heart, hand, plus sign, or star—on one type of specialty plate. Other states, such as New Hampshire and North Carolina, also permit the use of certain punctuation symbols.
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Many states issue special plates to automobile dealers, auto repair shops, farms, and construction contractors, which are not tied to any particular vehicle. These users typically have many more vehicles on the premises than on the public streets, and it would not be practical to register and insure each individual vehicle. So, they hold a number of “floating” registrations for the vehicles they plan to use on the public streets simultaneously. States typically have rules about who is eligible and how they may be used, and may impose record keeping and audit requirements.
Diplomatic license plates are issued by the United States Department of State only to accredited diplomats. Diplomats use the tags on any vehicles driven while in the U.S.
Some jurisdictions issue temporary license plates made of security paper for drivers waiting for official tags in the mail. Temporary license plates are usually taped to the inside of the rear windshield, while some states require it to be in the front windshield. Expiration dates are usually hand written by regulatory employees or dealership sales personnel, but, due to easy alteration of hand written dates, some states now digitally print the date on the tag. If a driver continues to drive after the permit expires the vehicle can face impounding as an unplated vehicle.
Auto tags have been around almost as long as automobiles, appearing in 1890 to 1910. France was the first to introduce them, in 1893, followed by Germany in 1896. The Netherlands were the first in the world to introduce a national license plate, called a “driving permit”, in 1898. The first licenses were plates with a number, starting at 1. By August, 8, 1899 the counter was at 168. When the Netherlands chose a different way to number them on 15 January, 1906 the last issued plate was 2001.
In the U.S., where each state issues automobile tags, New York State has required tags since 1901. At first, they were not government issued in most jurisdictions and motorists were obliged to make their own. Massachusetts and West Virginia were the first states to issue tags, in 1903. The earliest tags were made out of porcelain baked onto iron or ceramic with no backing, which made them fragile and impractical. Few of the early version survived. Later experimental materials include cardboard, leather, plastic and during wartime shortages copper and pressed soybeans. Earlier vehicle tags varied in size and shape from one jurisdiction to the next, such that if one moved, new holes would need to be drilled into the bumper to support the new plate. Standardization of plates came in 1957, when automobile manufacturers came to agreement with governments and international standards organizations. While peculiar local variants still exist, there are three basic standards worldwide.
If you enter the keywords “License Plate Search” into any search engine the majority of the responses will lead you to bogus license plate search sites or vehicle tag search tools that will encourage you to sign up for a product that cannot run license plate searches.
Think about it. Here’s a simple example. Someone cuts another person off on the highway. The person who got cut off gets their tag number and goes to the internet matches it to the persons name and address. Would you want someone to be able to look up YOUR name and address from your tag number?
The only legal way for a tag number to be matched to a name and address is through law enforcement.
Do you have a number and you need to find out the name and address of the owner of the vehicle? If so, you might have already realized that there is no free online database of license plate numbers.
As you can see from the options above, there is no such thing as a free reverse license plate search. About the only way you can get it done for free is if you know a law enforcement officer who will conduct the search for you (they have access to all of the databases).
License plate and VIN records typically include: Name and address; registration, with expiration date; year, make, model and VIN number of vehicle; title info; and any lien holders listed.
Public information is simply information within public records that is supposed to be freely available. And, usually, public information is free, unless you request a particular report or documentation; which might carry a nominal service fee.
- http://www.licenseplatemania.com/ – A collection of pictures from around the world. Also has a good collection of links to world-wide license resources.
- http://www.worldlicenseplates.com/ – A huge collection of tag images and photos from plates around the world.
- http://www.alpca.org/ – The Automobile License Plate Collector’s Association (ALPCA) website. The ALPCA is the largest collector’s organization in the world. The ALPCS is dedicated to the promotion, research, and the exchange of information.
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